All posts by Nasira Karim

Editorial or Newspaper Article

Thermal pollution of water by power plants – The Daily Star

 Since the beginning of the last century, fossil fuel power plants have drastically diminished the quality of the air we breathe by venting most of the undesirable contaminants into the atmosphere. Despite regulatory and technical progress in pollution control, the degradation of air quality still continues, albeit at a reduced rate. But how many of us are aware that power plants also pollute rivers, lakes, and oceans? Unfortunately, we hardly mention this kind of water pollution when discussing the general issue of pollution.

For more details please follow the link below:

Thermal pollution of water by power plants – The Daily Star

Thermal pollution of water by power plants
Riparian vegetation: A corridor for environmental stability – The Daily Star

The word “riparian” is derived from the Latin word ‘Ripa’ (river bank). Vegetations bordering water bodies are technically known as riparian vegetation. These vegetations are also called riverine or gallery vegetations as they are grown adjacent to or near rivers. Plant habitats and communities along the river margins and banks
are called riparian vegetation, characterized by hydrophilic plants. Riparian vegetations form the transition between the aquatic and the terrestrial ecosystem. A riparian zone or riparian area is the interface between land and water body. Riparian is also the proper nomenclature for one of the fifteen terrestrial biomes of the earth. They occur in many forms including grassland, woodland, wetland or even non­ vegetative.

For more details please follow the link below:

Riparian vegetation: A corridor for environmental stability – The Daily Star

 Riparian Vegetation
Threat to ecology of Sundarbans – The Daily Star

THE World Heritage Convention has the responsibility of protecting outstanding natural and cultural areas that form a part of the heritage of all mankind. Bangladesh became a party to the Convention in 1983. The Convention ruled favourably on the nomination of a part of the Sundarbans as a World Heritage Site.

For more details please follow the link below:

Threat to ecology of Sundarbans – The Daily Star

 Threat to ecology of Sundarbans
Polythene Pollution Restrictions must be totally enforced – The Daily Star

The use of polythene bags is increasing in Dhaka and elsewhere, despite the government’s ban on the environmentally hazardous item, as most people and businesses have started to use it extensively again.
Even though the ban came in January 2002, the government could hardly find a competitive alternative for the people as well as the environment over the years.

For more details please follow the link below:

Polythene Pollution Restrictions must be totally enforced – The Daily Star

 Polythene Pollution

Why the EIA study is not acceptable – The Daily Star

The proposed 1,320 MW Rampal Power Plant is an outcome of prime minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina’s visit to India from 10­12 January 2010. As per article 35 of the 51 point joint communiqué issued from that visit, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed on February 20, 2010 between Indian Energy Secretaries of India and Bangladesh H S Brahma and Abul Kalam Azad in Dhaka. As per that MoU, India’s National Thermal Power Company (NTPC) and Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB) was to set up the Bagerhat Coal Based power plant at Rampal jointly.

For more details please follow the link below:

Why the EIA study is not acceptable – The Daily Star

 Rampal Powerplant
Oil spill: Impact on marine environment – The Daily Star

On the 20th of December, 201 0 an oil spill was detected in the Bay off Sitakunda in Chittagong. It was over 3 kilometers long and 300­400 feet wide with a reddish­ black layer. It is suspected that, the cause of the oil spill was the unauthorised transfer or intentional dump of oil into the sea to salvage the grounded Indian flag carrier Ocean Pearl. It was a huge spill but still it is unknown how much oil they actually released into the sea. We have yet to know to what extent the area was affected. The DoE has served a notice to Sygma Shipping Line,
the parent company of Ocean Pearl, to answer why the company would not be prosecuted for causing oil spill in the Bay. But we have yet to know what necessary action has been taken. So far we only know that the port authority has not taken any legal action against the Ocean Pearl.

For more details please follow the link below:

Oil spill: Impact on marine environment – The Daily Star

 Oil spilling in Sundarban_1
Green cooling for warming world – The Daily Star

The year 201 0 was a momentous one in the history for international collaborative efforts in environmental governance. Under the landmark agreement of the Montreal Protocol countries around the world, in collaboration with industry, have individually and collectively succeeded in eliminating the production and consumption of the most severely damaging ozone depleting substances (ODSs), viz, CFCs, CTC and Halons. As many of these ODSs are powerful green house gases (GHGs) this achievement has also had a substantial contribution in mitigating climate change.

For more details please follow the link below:

Green cooling for warming world – The Daily Star

 green cooling
Generational rights and responsibilities towards the environment – The Daily Star

In the lexicon of sustainable development there is an established concept of intergenerational justice and a chain of obligation. Simply put the choices and deeds of todays generation will affect the quality of live of our future generation. The generation inhabiting Bangladesh today has an obligation to the next generation of our citizens; and aptly termed intergenerational justice. The decissions and actions we take today will affect our sons and daughters; the essence of our future. My fellow citizens we beg to ask the question, do we at all care? For example, last week in the popular resturant road of Banani a construction hopper crain hauling concrete to the top floors for a highrise building underconstruction crashed and killed three pedestrians below. Surely this could have been prevented. The pedestrians did not have to die, they had an expectation and the right that the construction company and their engineers would have taken adequate precaution around the construction site to ensure that lives of pedestrians are not at risk.

For more details please follow the link below:

Generational rights and responsibilities towards the environment – The Daily Star

 generating responsibilities towards environment
  • Why the decimation of nature? – The Daily Star

It is no wonder that as a developing country with very little land to spare we are constantly being asked to choose between development and the need to preserve the environment? And regrettably, in most cases we find that we are making the wrong choices by decimating nature to build up industrial estate in an unplanned manner. And this has come out very starkly in a report in this newspaper.

For more details please follow the link below:

Why the decimation of nature? – The Daily Star

  • What does 400ppm mean to us? – The Daily Sun

On May 9, 201 3,The keeling curve (named after geochemist Charles David Keeling), which plots the constant changes in atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide at Mauna Loa observatory in Hawaii, recorded the daily average concentration of 400.03 per­parts­million (ppm). For the same 24­hour period, Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego recorded a reading of 400.08 ppm. Climate scientists say that for the first time in at least 800,000 years, the mean atmospheric concentration of CO2 level has surpassed 400ppm. It means that, for every million air molecules, 400 are carbon dioxide. It has come as no surprise to us that global carbon dioxide was bound to exceed the threshold sooner or later, given the fact that the world communities have repeatedly failed to slow down global CO2 emissions.

For more details please follow the link below:

What does 400ppm mean to us? – The Daily Sun

  • Triple jeopardy for environment in brick fields Adopt safer means to burn bricks – The Daily Star

About 8,000 brick fields with half of them having no registration are presently operating in the country and nearly 33 per cent of the fuel used for the kilns derives from trees. Worse still, in some areas such as Cox’s Bazar, the ratio of using logs is 1 00 per cent. As we know it, using logs for baking bricks is a gross violation of environmental laws. While we are not unmindful of the need for attaining self ­sufficiency in producing bricks, we are truly worried at the trend of illegal use of logs for this what with its potential threats to environment. Therefore, we recommend immediate intervention on the part of the government to stop all illegal practices in this sector.

For more details please follow the link below:

Triple jeopardy for environment in brick fields Adopt safer means to burn bricks – The Daily Star

  • The role of union parishad in environmental security – Financial Express

Environmental security is intertwined with all the other dimensions of human security and is crucial not only to the well being of the people but also for their very survival, particularly since 30 per cent to 80 per cent of the life support services of people in developing countries come from natural resources and the environment. A large number of social, economic, and political conflicts and issues are also linked to environmental resources. Hence, without addressing environmental security it would not be possible to achieve the human security goals of the world.

For more details please follow the link below:

The role of union parishad in environmental security – Financial Express

  • Protecting hills from destruction – Financial Express

Systematic destruction of hills in Chittagong continues unabated causing serious environmental hazards. This has been going on for creating human settlements at the foot or slopes of the hills or for other purposes. Though it takes a heavy toll of human lives, livestock and property almost every year following landslides, there is no respite from hill cutting.

For more details please follow the link below:

Protecting hills from destruction – Financial Express

  • Noise pollution: A major concern of urban life – Financial Express

A few days ago a school-going toddler was killed by a Milk Vita Company-owned car in Mirpur. When the baby suddenly heard the sound of a bike, she ran and went under the wheels of the car. Her mother watched the accident happen in front of her eyes. She couldn’t save the life of her dear daughter. The baby was killed on the spot.

For more details please follow the link below:

Noise pollution: A major concern of urban life – Financial Express

  • Good news for the environment No bar to strict regulation on ship breaking – The Daily Star

In an ironic twist to the saga of whether or not ships carrying toxic material would be allowed entry into the country, Bangladesh Ship Breakers Association (BSBA) has withdrawn its appeal against a High Court (HC) verdict given in 2009. This removes the last hurdle to the government’s plans to formulate legislation on ship breaking.

For more details please follow the link below:

Good news for the environment No bar to strict regulation on ship breaking – The Daily Star

  • Environment in distress – The Daily Star

For the last three decades scientists and world leaders have been trying to cope with the consequences of exponential growth in human numbers and the increasingly frantic demands for the resources that only nature can provide. They have been working to save threatened species from extinction and to give the natural process of our world the chance to maintain a healthy global biosphere. That means some sacrifices and restraints. Evidently, we can no longer pursue short term prosperity without a thought for long term survival. People in some industrialised countries have missed the fact that efforts to achieve conservation of nature threaten human economic welfare. But nations realise that a good quality of life can only be made up of both material well­being as well as a healthy, productive and natural environment. For millions of people living in the less prosperous parts of the world, like Bangladesh, care and conservation of natural resources, restraint, and cautious disposal of toxic wastes, hazardous effluents and sludge from the industries are the only ways to improve conditions.

For more details please follow the link below:

Environment in distress – The Daily Star

Bangladesh river pollution threatens millions

DHAKA – It was once the lifeline of the Bangladeshi capital. But the once mighty Buriganga river, which flows by Dhaka, is now one of the most polluted rivers in Bangladesh because of rampant dumping of industrial and human waste. “Much of the Buriganga is now gone, having fallen to ever insatiable land grabbers and industries dumping untreated effluents into the river,” said Ainun Nishat, a leading environmental expert.

Children collect rubbish on the river Buriganga in Dhaka May 17, 2009.      REUTERS/Andrew BirajPhoto-Children Collecting Rubbish from the river (Source-collected)

For more details please follow the link below:

Bangladesh river pollution threatens millions

  • Accessibility to Riverfront: Improving Quality of Dhaka City Life 

Accessibility to Riverfront

  • Necessity for ‘Culture of Disaster Preparedness’

Necessity for ‘Culture of Disaster Preparedness’

  • Hope in the Age of Man

Hope in the Age of Man

  • সুন্দরবন থেকে বঙ্গোপসাগর

বিস্তারিত নীচের লিংকে

সুন্দরবন থেকে বঙ্গোপসাগর

  • রামপাল ও সুন্দরবনের দূষণ

বিস্তারিত নীচের লিংকে

রামপাল ও সুন্দরবনের দূষণ

 

 

 

 

Heritage Sites

Newspaper References
  • Ancient Artifacts Found in Naogaon – The Daily Star 

Four Fourteen bronze-made Gautama Buddha sculptures and some other artifacts, including an ancient brick-built structure with a lotus-shaped inflorescence have been found recently during an excavation at Jagaddal Budhha Bihar archaeological site of Dhamurhat upazila, some sixty five kilometers away from Naogaon district town.

 For detail news follow the link – Ancient artifacts found in Naogaon

 Ancient artifacts found in Naogaon

Several artifacts found during excavation at Jagaddal Budhha Bihar archaeological site in Naogaon.  Photo: MUKUL HOSSAIN

  • Centuries-old Bungalow Enlisted for Demolition- The Daily Star 

One of Chittagong city’s colonial-era buildings is facing the threat of demolition as Chittagong City Corporation (CCC) recently published a list of 57 “risky” buildings, including the aforementioned one, which it plans to tear down.

 For detail news follow the link – Centuries-old Bungalow Enlisted for Demolition

 Centuries-old bungalow enlisted for demolition_the daily star1 copy

The two-storey “Malumder Kather Bungalow”, one of the few colonial-era buildings believed to date back before 1859, in South Middle Halishahar of Chittagong city. Photo: Anurup Kanti Das

  • Construction of Court Building by Filling up Historic Pond Stayed- The Daily Star 

The High Court (HC) has stayed construction of a 10-storey court building by filling up a 150-year-old pond in Barisal city.

For detail news follow the link – Construction of Court Building by Filling up Historic Pond Stayed

 Construction of court building by filling up historic pond stayed-the daily star

COURT ORDER SAVES HISTORIC POND ; Photo: STAR  Correspondent, Barisal

Encroachments Spoil Rabindra Kacharibari – The Daily Star 

Rabindra Kacharibari at Shahzadpur in Sirajganj is gradually losing its beauty as construction activities and encroachment close in on the archaeological site.

For detail news follow the link – Encroachments Spoil Rabindra Kacharibari

 

 Encroachments spoil Rabindra Kacharibari

A cloth market close to the backyard wall of Rabindra Kacharibari in Sirajganj. Photo: Star

 

 

Editorial/ Newspaper Article
  • A WALK DOWN Historic Lane – The Daily Star 

Urban Study Group (USG), an organisation that campaigns for the conservation of architectural and urban heritage of Old Dhaka, arranges heritage walks, named Puran (old) Dhaka Walks. The guided-walks are conducted by trained volunteers with Taimur Islam, an architect and the Chief Executive of USG.

 For detail news follow the link – A WALK DOWN Historic Lane

A WALK DOWN history lane

Photo: Sazzad Ibn Sayed 

 

Report/ Thesis Paper
  • 101 Things I Learned in Architecture School – Author: Matthew Frederick

Author’s Note 

Certainties for architecture students are few. The architecture curriculum is a perplexing and unruly beast, involving long hours, dense texts, and frequently obtuse instruction. If the lessons of architecture are fascinating (and they are), they are also fraught with so many exceptions and caveats that students can easily wonder if there is anything concrete to learn about architecture at all.
The nebulousness of architectural instruction is largely necessary. Architecture is, after all, a creative field, and it is understandably difficult for instructors of design to concertize lesson plans out of fear of imposing unnecessary limits on the creative process. The resulting open-endlessness provides students a ride down many fascinating new avenues, but often with a feeling that architecture is built on quicksand rather than on solid earth.
This book aims to firm up the foundation of the architecture studio by providing  rallying points upon which the design process may thrive. The following lessons in design, drawing, creative process, and presentation first came to me as barely discernible glimmers through the fog of my own education. But in the years I have spent since as a practitioner and educator, they have become surely brighter and clearer. And the questions they address have remained the central questions of architectural education: my own students show me again and again that the questions and confusions of architecture school are near universal.
I invite you to leave this book open on the desktop as you work in the studio, to keep in your coat pocket to read on public transit, and to peruse randomly when in need of a jump-start in solving an architectural design problem. Whatever you do with the lessons that follow, be that grateful I am not around to point out the innumerable exceptions and caveats to each of them.

For the full book visit the following link.

http://fpd-bd.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/101-things-i-learned-at-architecture-school.pdf

Journal / Seminar Paper
  • Green roof and its Impact on Urban Environmental sustainability: The Case in Bangladesh –  Author: Rumana Rashid, Md. Hamdan Bin Ahmed, Md. Sayem Khan 

Abstract

Bangladesh has experienced high economic growth accompanied by rapid urbanization. Urban growth resulted in tremendous increase of energy consumption in building. To justify the usefulness of sustainable green roof strategy is reducing energy consumption. It also encouraged researcher for conducting this research work. The analysis of actual thermal performance of the green roof can provide the information on effectiveness of applying on contemporary houses in Bangladesh. The objective of this research is to evaluate the thermal performance of green roof on residential building in Bangladesh. Imperial studies were performing through measured of internal and external air  temperature and humidity data. Findings of the research result show that the green application on building was tend to experience lower indoor temperature then the original outdoor temperature. Maximum indoor and outdoor temperature difference was recorded 6.8°C during field study. So this research work is providing an introduction or preliminary guide line for thermally responsive architecture on the basis of thermal performance of the green application system in Bangladesh. It also provides a sustainable, energy saving, comfortable and healthy environment. Green application on residential building is more appropriate into the contemporary building as a thermal comfort strategy for the modern design of Bangladesh.

For the full report visit the following link.

http://fpd-bd.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Green-roof-and-its-Impact-on-Urban-Environmental-sustainability_The-Case-in-Bangladesh.pdf

  • How Can the Architect Contribute to a Sustainable World? (Proceeding of a Conference, at Wingspread Conference Center, Racine, Wisconsin; August 24 – 26, 2001) 

Introduction

Buildings produce half of all greenhouse gases and account for one-sixth of the world’s freshwater withdrawals, one-quarter of its wood harvest and two fifths of its material and energy flows. One in three buildings in this country, according to the USEPA, has less than healthy indoor air quality. By several estimates, we will double the size of the built environment over the next twenty to forty years. For these reasons there is a critical and immediate need to shift thinking on how the built environment is designed. To reduce environmental impact, protect public health and improve environmental equity and justice, we must change principles for building practice. Designers in general and architects in particular should play a high profile leadership role in this transformation.

Second Nature undertook to support this leadership strategy by developing a program to work with architecture and design schools across the country. We initiated the program by organizing and facilitating this conference at Wingspread, in Racine, Wisconsin in August 2001. It builds on the substantial and innovative foundation developed by others over the past decade. These include projects such as EASE at Ball State University, Vital Signs at University of California, Berkeley, the work of the Society of Building Science Educators (SBSE), the work of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture (ACSA) and American Institute of Architects – Committee on the Environment (AIACOTE).

 For the full report visit the following link.

http://fpd-bd.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/How-Can-the-Architect-Contribute-to-a-Sustainable-World.pdf

 

 

Image Gallery : Rural Bangladesh

Farmers busy in their work

Farmers Busy in Paddy Field 
River, boat and rural Bangladesh (নদী- নৌকা ও বাংলার গ্রাম)

River, Boat and Rural Bangladesh
Fishing - a Common Scene in Rural Bangladesh

Rural People Busy in Fishing
Women engaged in agriculture field

Women’s Involvement in Agriculture
Sand is added to the rice mixture in the hot pot to keep it from sticking to the pot. When the rice is popped, it is poured out into a ceramic container with small holes. The sand passes through the popped rice stays. Surprisingly, the popped rice doesn't have a gritty, sandy taste to it. Hatiandha, Bangladesh.

Women Busy in Harvesting 
 Rural children play in the water when they come to river for bathing. Dhaka, Bangladesh. May 24 2009

Children Playing in Water While Bathing
Duronto cheler dol

Restless Children of Rural Bangladesh 
Mustard Field and  Children

Mastered Field and Children of Rural Bangladesh
 Traditional House form in Rural Bangladesh 1

Traditional Plan for Housing  in  Rural Bangladesh
 Traditional House form of rural Bangladesh

Traditional Housing Form of Rural Areas of Bangladesh
 
Pictures Source: Collected 

Annual conference of Center for Urban Studies (CUS) on “Recent Researches on Urbanization of Bangladesh”

On 16 May, 2015 Center for Urban Studies (CUS) held an Annual conference along with the celebration for completing 43 rd anniversary of their  journey as a non-profit research and training organization. The annual conference was held on “Recent Researches on the Urbanization of Bangladesh”. The young researchers and scholars from universities and research organizations were invited to contribute papers based on their recent research and/or theses for presentation in the Conference. The program was held in Nawab Ali Chowdhury Senate Building Auditorium and about 16 papers on urbanization prospect of Bangladesh were presented there. It was a lively and very interesting arrangement for the young researchers and future pioneers of Bangladesh.

Nasira Karim Audhuna, Research Associate, Forum for Physical Development of Bangladesh; Email-fpdbd.info@gmail.com 

 

ROUND TABLE CONFERENCE : OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH IN CONSTRUCTION SECTOR

Construction activities have been increasing day by day in all over Bangladesh. Size of projects is also becoming larger and involvement of manpower in this sector is very high. Construction technology is also changing, technical knowledge is increasing. Unfortunately, numbers of occupational hazards are also increasing which ideally should have a reverse effect. i.e., the more technology is upgraded the risk factors should have been reduced. It has been observed that our workers are not properly trained about the safe working procedures, even the professionals are found unaware of safety requirements. In recent time some devastating accident occurred in different projects which concerned our citizens. Realizing this crisis, Forum for Physical Development of Bangladesh has arranged a series of Round Table Conferences on “Occupational Safety and Health in Construction Sector” with participation of relevant professionals. The main focus of these Round Table Conferences will be awareness building on construction safety.

Author: Nasira Karim Audhuna, Research Associate, Forum for Physical Development of Bangladesh; Email: fpdbd.info@gmail.com.bd

For more and detail description of each conferences please go through the following links

Research Unit OF FPD

 

Muhammad Ariful Islam

Research Coordinator, Forum for Physical Development

Muhammad Ariful Islam is an Urban Planner. He is former student of Urban and Regional Planning, BUET. Presently he is working as Assistant General Manager in Research and compliance Department in Sheltech (Pvt.) Ltd. He was the Joint Secretary of Bangladesh Institute of Planners (BIP). His Field of Interest is Housing.

Jyoti Bikash Das

                                    Research Associate, Forum for Physical Development

Jyoti Bikash Das is an Urban Planner and has completed his bachelor studies from Department of Urban and Regional Planning (URP), BUET (2015). He worked as Urban Planner in the project “Accelerating Sanitation, Hygiene and Water for All by Integrating Water Supply and Sanitation Planning for Local Government Institutions (LGIs)” by DURP, BUET in collaboration with UNICEF and UKaid. He also worked as a consultant for Evidence Action in the project titled “No Lean Season.” He worked as an intern in “Bangladesh Planning Commission” and contributed to “7th Five Year Plan” and “Bangladesh Delta Plan, 2100.” His fields of interests are Environmental Planning, Land Use Planning, Transportation Planing, Application of GIS and Remote Sensing in Urban, Regional and Rural Planning.

Ayesha Siddika

                                    Research Associate, Forum for Physical Development

Ayesha Siddika is an Urban Planner. Ayesha has completed her bachelor studies from Urban and Regional Planning (URP), BUET (2015). Currently she is continuing her M. Sc.  on Water Resources Development as South Asian Water (SAWA) Fellow at Institute of Water and Flood Management (IWFM), BUET. During her academic career she has participated in several workshops and seminars in home and abroad (India and Sri Lanka) as a researcher. Her fields of interest are Land Use Planning, Transportation Planing, GIS and Remote Sensing, Sustainable Water Resources Development and Disaster Management specially Climate Change Risk Management etc.

                                                                    Sumayyah Tehsin

                                   Former Research Associate, Forum for Physical Development

Sumayyah Tehsin has completed her bachelor studies from Urban and Regional Planning (URP), BUET (2014). Currently she is continuing her MSc on Water Resources Development from Institute of Water and Flood Management (IWFM), BUET. Her fields of interest are Physical Planning, GIS and Remote Sensing, Sustainable Water Resources Development.

Nasira Karim Audhuna 

Former Web Manager, Forum for Physical Development

Nasira Karim Audhuna is an urban planner completed her bachelor studies from Dept. of Urban and Regional Planning, BUET. Currently she is working on her masters studies on ‘Water Resource Development’ from “Institute of Water and Flood Management (IWFM)’, BUET. During her professional and academic career she has performed in several workshops and seminars as a researcher.  Her fields of interest are Physical Planning, Environmental Science and Management, Sustainable Development, Integrated Water Resource Development, Coastal Management, Natural Hazards and Disaster management.

Farah Masud

Former Research Associate, Forum for Physical Development

Farah Masud is an Urban Planner passed from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) in 2008. During her professional career she has served in different planning issues both in Government and Private Projects. Her Fields of Interest are Physical Planning, GIS, Disaster Management and Transportation Engineering.

Muhammad Nazmul Ahsan

Research Officer, Forum for Physical Development

Muhammad Nazmul Ahsan is an Urban Planner, passed from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology. He is serving as Senior Executive in Planning and Research Department, Sheltech (Pvt.) Ltd. He is also doing his Masters in Urban Planning in BUET. His field of interest is GIS & Remote Sensing, Landuse Planning, Transport Planning and Housing.

Md. Mamun Chowdhury

Research Officer, Forum for Physical Development

Planner Mamun Chowdhury passed from BUET, now serving as Executive in Land Management Department in Building for Future Ltd. His field of interest is Landuse Planning, Project Management, Transportation Networking, GIS and Disaster Management.

Jarin Ahsan Esita

Former Research Officer, Forum for Physical Development

Planner Jarin Ahsan Esita passed from BUET. She is doing her Masters in Geography and Earth Science in McMaster University,Canada. Her field of interest is Spatial Analysis and Transport Planning.

Nilima Nasrin

Former Research Officer, Forum for Physical Development

Planner Nilima Nasrin passed from BUET from Urban and Regional Planning. She is serving as Assistant Director in Bangladesh Bank. Her Field of Interest is Environment Policy & Planning, Regional Planning and Economic Development.

Shakhawat Hosen Tanim

Research Officer, Forum for Physical Development

 Shakhawat Hosen Tanim is an Urban Planner, servicing as Assistant Planner in Sheltech (Pvt.) Ltd. He passed BURP from BUET and is continuing his MS in Disaster Management in Dhaka University. His field of interest is Disaster, Development, Geology and Remote Sensing.

Jannatul Mauya Dalia

Former Research Officer, Forum for Physical Development

Jannatul Mauya Dalia is an Urban Planner, passed from BUET. She is serving as Planner in BDDL Ltd. Her field of interest is Real Estate, GIS, Disaster Management.

FOUNDER MEMBERS OF FPD

Forum for Physical development (FPD) founded in 2009, is an association which has started its journey to represent the ideas and suggestions of professionals in the various fields of Physical development.

FOUNDER MEMBERS

  • Toufiq M. Seraj, Chairman
  • Kazi Anisuddin Iqbal, Executive Director
  • Mahmudul Hassan, Member Secretary
  • Tanveerul Haque Probal, Director (Finance)
  • Kutubuddin Ahmed, Director
  • Chowdhury Jamal Ashraf, Director
  • Rabiul Alam, Director

Description of Board of Directors of Forum for Physical Development Bangladesh (FPD)

Dr. Toufiq M. Seraj

Chairman, FPD

Dr. Toufiq M. Seraj

Dr. Toufiq M. Seraj is an engineer and planner by profession. He has extensive professional experience in Real Estate Development, Construction, Management and Planning Consultancy. He holds a Ph.D. degree in Civic Design from the University of Liverpool, UK. He formerly held academic positions in the Department of Urban and Regional Planning at BUET. He has wide range of publications in national and international journals. He has also published a book on Town Planning.

He is the Chairman of Bangladesh Forum for Physical Development of Bangladesh (FPD). He is the former President of Bangladesh Institute of Planners (BIP). He was the President of Real Estate & Housing Association of Bangladesh (REHAB) for three consecutive terms (2000-2006). He was also the President of Bangladesh Society for Total Quality Management (BSTQM) and Bangladesh Tennis Federation (BTF). He is also affiliated with several professional, social and sports organization.

Architect Kazi Anisuddin Iqbal

Executive Director, FPD

Architect Kazi Anisuddin Iqbal

Kazi Anisuddin Iqbal a graduate from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology in Architecture is a renowned Architect in our country. He is the designer of many remarkable landmark buildings in Bangladesh. He has designed and supervised many projects perfectly. Now he is the Chairman of the leading Real estate developer Company; Building for Future. While designing, he takes advantage of modern concepts. Building is not a mere structure; it has to interact with human being, which is his belief. He always likes to adopt new technology and innovative ideas in his field. His far sighted thinking is well appreciated among the professionals of the country. FPD is his dream child which benefits from his tremendous intellectual contribution all the way. He is also the editor of the famous web based journal “Sthapattya O Nirman” (www.son.bd.com) and a regular contributor to it. At times, his articles are featured on various newspapers, journals etc. He is a proud father of a daughter and a son. His wife is a well known pediatrician.

Engr. Mahmudul Hasan

Member Secretary, FPD

Engr. Mahmudul Hassan

Engr. Mahmudul Hasan, a graduate in Civil Engineering from RUET, is the key person in dealing with all the matters of membership of Forum for Physical Development (FPD). His contribution to middle class housing in our country is also very remarkable. He is the Managing Director and owner of Hassan Associates Limited (HAL) which mainly deals with housing for middle class people. He maintains a friendly working ambiance with people by his exquisite and inherent communicative ability. He was a former General Secretary of REHAB. He is an important member of Executive Committee of BACI (Bangladesh Association of Construction Industries). In personal life, he is a blissful man and father of three daughters. His wife is an artist of Rabindra-shangeet and a good organizer as well.

Tanveerul Haque Probal

Director (Finance)

Eng. Tanveerul Haque Probal

Tanveerul Haque Probal completed his graduation from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) in Civil Engineering. He has been contributing with tremendously sincere effort to the Real Estate sector of Bangladesh. Now he is the Managing Director of Building For Future Ltd. His Philosophy in his professional life is “No job awaiting attention”. He believes in speed of work and empowerment to concerned work group. With his regular presence in digital media, he has become a very well known popular personality in the country. His leadership quality was also acknowledged by the REHAB through electing him as the President and before that, he also worked as General Secretary. As a successful business personality for his leadership for the industry, he is recognized as a C.I.P. of the country by the Govt. of Bangladesh. He is also the joint editor of the famous web based journal “Sthapattya O Nirman” (www.son-bd.com). He is a happy man with his wife and a son in his personal life. His wife is a research follow physician associated with I.C.D.D.R.B.

Engr. Kutubuddin Ahmed

Director, FPD

Engr. Kutubuddin Ahmed

Engr. Kutubuddin Ahmed is a popular and well known Business Personality in Bangladesh. He is very reputed for his voluntary activities and his innate leadership ability. He has achieved much recognition in life. He is a recognized Business Community leader, well-known leader of Business Association and former president of BGMEA. Now he is the Managing Director and owner of Envoy group as well as the Chairman of the leading developer company Sheltech (Pvt.) Ltd. In the past, he was also the General Secretary of Dhaka Metropolitan Chamber. In addition, he is involved with many organizations voluntarily. He is the president of Bangladesh Olympic Association (BOA), too. He acquired his graduation in Mechanical engineering. In personal life, he is very happy with his wife and only son.

Engr. Chowdhury Jamal Ashraf

Director, FPD

Engr. Choudhury Jamal Ashraf1

Engr. Chowdhury Jamal Ashraf completed his graduation in Civil Engineering. He is the managing Director of Moumi Associate Ltd. He always likes to think positive and very enthusiastic and a devoted person to patronize social uplifting of neglected section of people. His positive outlook has made him a successful contributor in Real estate, Construction and Trading field. He mostly stays in Sylhet. His wife is a housewife. He is a proud father of one son and one daughter.

 Engr. Rabiul Alam

Director, FPD

Engr. Robiul Alam

Engr. Rabiul Alam is a graduate from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) in Electrical and Electronics Engineering (EEE). He is the Managing Director (MD) as well as owner of Energy Pac Power Generation Ltd. His company is one of the leading companies in Bangladesh which exports engineering goods. He is dedicated organizer from his student life. Likewise, it is his intrinsic nature to support all kind of good and welfare activities and take part his level best. Formerly, he was the secretary of Engineering Institute, Dhaka Centre. His wife is a physician and scientist. They have only one daughter.

ROUND TABLE CONFERENCES ON RENEWAL PROSPECT OF RURAL HABITAT

Forum for Physical Development (FPD) has started its journey to represent the idea of professionals in front of general citizen with a social commitment. This non- profitable organization destined to create a useful platform for the Professionals who want to contribute to the development of the country. FPD collects the ideas and comments of different professionals on different topics through Discussions, Seminars, and Lectures and make available for the Policy makers of the country and also publish them for the concerned citizens. In the words of Dr. Toufiq. M. Seraj, Chairman of FPD, “Our main aim is to create a platform in where the skilled, experienced and qualified people from multi-disciplined professions can represent their acquired knowledge towards the general people.”Also, Architect Anisuddin Iqbal Executive Director of FPD,  “In that case, we will do a publication by accumulating the information found on several round table conferences focusing the most significant subjects. And also, identifying some strategies to solve the problem, we will encourage the policy-makers.”

Recently, FPD was working on “Renewal Prospect of Rural Habitat in Bangladesh”. The mentioned topic was taken up as it needs vivid discussion and should involve professionals from diverse disciplines. To collect ideas on this regard and accumulate solutions from different point of view four round table conferences had been organized by FPD. Experts and Professionals have been invited to share their opinions so that new solution can come out. The idea of these conferences was to contribute in the National Housing Policy of Bangladesh by providing some noticeable policy guideline regarding resettlement of rural housing. According to Dr. Toufiq. M. Seraj, “You know that National Housing Policy is still not implemented. We will try to formulate multi-sector policy guideline through this forum and publish that. Our present discussion on Renewal prospect of rural habitat is not only a single sector issue. Utility services, disasters, environment etc are related with this.”

Professional opinion regarding the resettlement of rural habitat was, it is a very important issue that should be taken under immediate consideration. In their point of view, it is necessary to renew the rural settlement to discourage unplanned and rapid urbanization. So, it is required to make the villages more livable. There are so many positive outcomes regarding this prospect along with its upcoming urgent need. It has been raised in the conferences that, in every year, about 1% to 2% cultivable land is decreasing in Bangladesh due to building housing in rural areas.  Also, employment opportunities are declining in villages. So it is high time to think about the betterment of rural people. In addition, if employment opportunities can be provided in the rural places then rural to urban migration can be restricted that will help to lessen extra pressure on city life. Overall, if resettlement can be initiated in rural areas of Bangladesh so many noticeable possible outcomes will take place in the development of the country. For example, change will come in lifestyle of the rural people; next generation will follow the way of new life, national economic growth and living standard of people hoped to be enhanced than in present.

At the end of these four round table conferences some important issues have generated regarding the renewal prospect of rural habitat. At first, the concept that had attracted almost everyone was the Concept of “Compact Township (CT)”. Professor Dr. Selim Rashid, University of Illinois, U.S.A., gave the idea of Compact Township in the first conference. According to him CT should be a properly planned residential area containing planned housing, apartment, hospital, school, college, shops, rural industries, local government administrative body and other civic facilities. Again, it was also being emphasized that it has to be kept in mind that Compact Township should not disturb the harmony of rural lifestyle.

For compact township (CT) to be initiated first and foremost thing is to find a suitable location. Several recommendations have been derived thought the round table conferences regarding this matter.  Growth centers in rural areas were given priority in terms of choosing the location for CT. It has been raised in the discussions that that compact towns will be established focusing significant Hut-Bazars or where the infrastructures have already been improved with connection to well-designed roads and good rail transportation system. Also, it has been said that CTs have to be build above the flood level. This two issues were considered as if there will proper communication and transportation system it will be possible to build good urban-rural linkage  and development of CT above flood level will reduce the extra cost that will generate from disaster preparedness. Also, professional were emphasized on using the locally available material i.e. bamboo, fence, tin, pale etc for the construction of building in CT. In addition they emphasized on

Creating employment opportunities in CTs was one of the major concerns of the professionals.  It has been said in the conferences that, there would be economics of scale in CTs like other towns. Small business organizations would be developed there; in parallel way, small industries would be grown spontaneously. It was raised through discussions that regional production based products and agricultural industry can be encouraged to establish in rural areas.  Income of the rural people can be increased by cooperative societies in agriculture, livestock, poultry and fishery. Professionals present in the conferences also emphasized on education development for transforming agro based rural society to modernized community. Again, actions should be taken to protect small farmers from being landless. It has been said in the discussion that in village, every house should have own income generating source like Srilanka where each household has its own income source. It has also been raised in the discussions that garments industries can be decentralized towards Rangpur or Kurigram in where ‘Monga’ affected people live so that new income sources can be initiated there. Overall, the villages have to be self-sustained in terms of external environment, societal structure and economic increment.

Several environmental aspects have been considered in respect to resettlement of rural habitat.  For instance, professional said that sustainable habitat has to be ensured keeping harmony in connection with local climate and environment, agriculture and electricity production might be ensured through solar energy. Also, it has been raised bio-gas can be produced through waste management process. Environment friendly waste management should be ensured for every family. In addition they suggested, bio-gas can also be formed from the wastes of domestic ducks and hens. Main fact is that, it should be kept in mind that bio-diversity should not be changed due to housing resettlement. Several land management and administrative issues have also been focused during the discussions. Professionals emphasized on ensuring the creation of effective local government to deal with local problems. They said that to increase local resilience land can be redistributed among the landless people through the land conservation and this decisions will be made through local government.

Professional present in the conferences also emphasize on gathering local people’s opinion before taking any initiative for the resettlement. They said that, resettlement of rural housing can be a successful step if active participation of local people and quality of life standard can be ensured. According to them, rural population is self sufficient to face the natural calamities such as flood, cyclone etc in the light of experience of older people. So having followed the knowledge, experience and strategy of local people, rural housing has to be developed. So at first, opinion of local people should be taken.

Some major constrains regarding the implementation of the projects has also been discussed in the conferences. They consider that, though the idea of Compact Township sounds good but it will be difficult to execute as motivation local people will not be a easy task. People will not leave the habitat where they are living for generations. For this, at first it is necessary to select the target group and make them aware of the projects. Again, one of the major obstacles for such initiative can be the responsibility distribution and raising awareness of rural people. In addition, it is a major problem that there is no sufficient khas land except forest and char area. It will be a difficulty while acquiring land for rural resettlement. Rural people would not agree to give up their traditional values and inherited land. So, planners, policy maker and other governing bodies have to work in root level and government has to give subsidy in different aspect and also it has to use its remittance in this sector.

Author: Nasira Karim Audhuna, Research Associate, Forum for Physical Development of Bangladesh; Email: fpdbd.info@gmail.com

For more and the detail description of each conferences go to the following links.

 

3rd Round Table Discussion : OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH IN CONSTRUCTION SECTOR

Forum for Physical Development of Bangladesh (FPD) arranged a series of round table discussions on September 14, 2011 and October 15, 2011. As confirmation of those FPD arranged their third round table on 25th October. The third round table discussion was also regarding “Occupational Safety and Health in Construction Sector.”

The round table conference was presided over by Dr. Toufiq M. Seraj, Chairman, FPD and moderated by Kazi Anisuddin Iqbal, Executive Director, FPD. On the advent of the round table, Toufiq M. Seraj described the aims and objectives of FPD.

Continue reading 3rd Round Table Discussion : OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH IN CONSTRUCTION SECTOR

2nd Round Table Discussion: OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH IN CONSTRUCTION SECTOR

Forum for Physical Development of Bangladesh (FPD) has arranged a series of round table discussions on September 14, 2011. On the consequence of that round table FPD has arranged their second round table on 15th October. The second round table discussion was regarding  “Occupational Safety and Health in Construction Sector”.

The round table conference was presided over by Dr. Toufiq M. Seraj, Chairman, FPD and moderated by Kazi Anisuddin Iqbal, Executive Director, FPD. On the advent of the round table, Toufiq M. Seraj described the aims and objectives of FPD.

Continue reading 2nd Round Table Discussion: OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH IN CONSTRUCTION SECTOR